Family Hahniidae

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1
Spinnerets in one row as fig.

  2  

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Spinnerets
(Dahl 1937)
- Different

  4  

2
(1)

Anterior median eyes larger (or equal in size) than posterior median eyes; posterior median eyes normally developed; clypeus smaller (or equal in size) than the diameter of anterior median eyes; opisthosoma with stridulatory organ anterior to epigastric furrow; tracheal opening in the middle between epigastric furrow and spinnerets; male pedipalp femur with robust apophysis

Antistea

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male Pedipalp
(Roberts 1995)
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female Epigyne
(Roberts 1995)
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Eyes, frontal view
(Harm 1966)
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Opisthosoma, dorsal view
(Harm 1966)
-

Anterior median eyes or posterior median eyes clearly reduced in size and pigmentation or clypeus higher than two diameters of the anterior lateral eyes; opisthosoma without stridulatory organ; tracheal opening closer to the spinnerets; male pedipalp femur without robust apophysis; habitus as fig.

  3  

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Habitus
(Roberts 1995)
3
(2)

Femora with one spine, male pedipalp with median apophysis, epigyne with  central fovea, sometimes inconspicuous, most species have 8 eyes, a few reduced some or all eyes (several species throughout Europe)

Hahnia

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male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Harm 1966)
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male Patella and tibia
(Harm 1966)
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female Epigyne
(Harm 1966)
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Ocular area
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
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Ocular area
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
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Habitus
(Roberts 1995)
-

Femora without spine, male pedipalp without median apophysis, epigyne without central fovea, eyes completely reduced (one cave species in the Pyrenees)

Iberina

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male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Simon 1937)
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Prosoma, dorsal view
(Simon 1898)
4
(1)
Embolus long, bent, reaching the beginning of tibia; epigyne with long, irregular entrance ducts

Tuberta

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male Pedipalp
(Tyshchenko 1971)
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female Epigyne
(Heimer & Nentwig 1991)
-

Different

  5  

5
(4)

Anterior median eyes strongly reduced, easy to overlook, looks six-eyed (one species from Montenegro)

Cryphoecina

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male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Deltshev 1997a)
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male Pedipalp, retrolateral view
(Deltshev 1997a)
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male Eyes, frontal view
(Deltshev 1997a)
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female Epigyne, ventral view
(Deltshev 1997a)
-

Anterior median eyes smaller than the other eyes but well visible

  6  

6
(5)

Prosoma with indistinct bands, male pedipalp with small, tapering median apophysis (several species in Europe)

Cryphoeca

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male Pedipalp, ventral view
(Thaler 1978a)
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female Epigyne
(Roberts 1998)
-

Prosoma with broad central and lateral bands, male pedipalp with reduced median apophysis (one species in the Pyrenees)

Dirksia

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male Palpal tibia
(Simon 1937)
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female Epigyne
(Simon 1937)