Family: Theridiidae Sundevall, 1833 | key
Genus: Theridula Emerton, 1882 | key
    Taxonomy
    WSC: Species ext
    Photo gallery
    araneae
    Resources
    caucasus-spiders.info ext
    Arachno.Piwigo by P. Oger ext

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    Theridula gonygaster (Simon, 1873)      [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:008810]
    Description male

    Palp: embolus corkscrew-shaped. Prosoma yellow-white, 0.91 mm long. Opisthosoma: pattern as in female or dark unicolored.

    Body length male: 1.3-1.7 mm

    Description female

    Epigyne with 2 distinct large openings in a depression. Prosoma unicolored black or with broad black median band and brighter sides, 0.6-0.74 mm long. Legs yellow-white. Opisthosoma black with large white spots, rhomboidal, wider than long, sometimes posteriorly with a median dorsal tubercle.

    Body length female: 3-3.5 mm

    Additional information

    In cereal fields.

    Distribution
      Presence
      No data

    Global distribution (World Spider Catalog 2017): Cosmopolitan

    Phenology

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    male female
    Figures

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    References

    Hänggi A, Stäubli A, Heer X, Trivellone V, Pollini Paltrinieri L, Moretti M (2014) Eleven new spider species (Arachnida: Araneae) for Switzerland discovered in vineyards in Ticino - What are possible reasons? Mitt schweiz Ent Ges 87: 215-228.

    Kostanjšek R (2010) A contribution to the Slovenian spider fauna – I. Natura Sloveniae 12: 23-33.

    Kostanjšek R, Kuntner M (2015) Araneae Sloveniae: a national spider species checklist. ZooKeys 474: 1-91.

    Le Peru B (2011) The spiders of Europe, a synthesis of data: Volume 1 Atypidae to Theridiidae. Mém Soc Linn Lyon 2: 1-522.

    Otto S (2015) Caucasian Spiders. A faunistic database on the spiders of the Caucasus. Version 1.4.3. Internet: caucasus-spiders.info.

    Pantini P, Isaia M (2016) Checklist of the Italian spiders (version April 2016). online at http://www.museoscienzebergamo.it/web/index.php?option=com_content&view=category&layout=blog&id=96&Itemid=94

    Saaristo M I (2006) Theridiid or cobweb spiders of the granitic Seychelles islands (Araneae, Theridiidae). Phelsuma 14: 49-89.

    van Helsdingen P J (2010a) Araneae. In: Fauna Europaea Database (Version 2010.1), online at www.european-arachnology.org

    World Spider Catalog (2017) World Spider Catalog, version 18.0. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch, accessed on 23.01.2017