Family: Eresidae C. L. Koch, 1845 | key
Genus: Stegodyphus Simon, 1873 | key
    Taxonomy
    WSC: Species ext
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    Resources
    caucasus-spiders.info ext

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    Stegodyphus lineatus (Latreille, 1817)      [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:005886]
    Description male

    Colouration as in female, but opisthosoma with black stripes wider.

    Body length male: 8-15 mm

    Description female

    Prosoma uniformly dark red brown, with longitudinal rows of white hairs. Prosoma 5.1-8.1 mm long. Sternum and legs lighter than prosoma, with blackish and white hairs. Opisthosoma covered with white hairs, and with 2 longitudinal black stripes.

    Body length female: 10-23 mm

    Additional information

    In sunny and dry areas, bushes, shrubs, Ombelliferae. This species has a colonial life style during the early stages, but adults are solitary. Young spiders remain gregarious when they come out of the egg sac. During the earliest stages the spiders are completely dependent on maternal feeding by regurgitation. Adults have solitary living, but sometimes adult males have been observed close to the female in the same web. Females have been reported to reach maturity after 9 moultings, and males after 7 to 9 moultings. Adult females may continue to moult.

    Distribution
      Presence
      No data

    Distribution comment: Presence in Italy doubtful (P. Pantini, pers. comm.), therefore removed

    Global distribution (World Spider Catalog 2014): Europe, North Africa to Tajikistan

    Phenology

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    male female
    Figures

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    References

    Bayram A, Kunt K B, Danişman T (2014) The Checklist of the Spiders of Turkey. Version 2014, Online at http://www.spidersofturkey.com

    Le Peru B (2011) The spiders of Europe, a synthesis of data: Volume 1 Atypidae to Theridiidae. Mém Soc Linn Lyon 2: 1-522.

    Miller J A, Griswold C E, Scharff N, Rezác M, Szüts T, Marhabaie M (2012) The velvet spiders: an atlas of the Eresidae (Arachnida, Araneae). ZooKeys 195: 1-144.

    Otto S (2014) Caucasian Spiders. A faunistic database on the spiders of the Caucasus. Version 1.4. Internet: caucasus-spiders.info.

    van Helsdingen P J (2010a) Araneae. In: Fauna Europaea Database (Version 2010.1), online at www.european-arachnology.org

    World Spider Catalog (2014) World Spider Catalog. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch, version 15.5, accessed on 25.8.2014