Family: Zoropsidae Bertkau, 1882 | key
Genus: Zoropsis Simon, 1878 | key
    Taxonomy
    WSC: Species ext
    Photo gallery
    araneae
    Resources
    caucasus-spiders.info ext
    Arachno.Piwigo by P. Oger ext

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    Zoropsis spinimana (Dufour, 1820)      [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:020389]
    Description

    Male palp with hook-shaped median apophysis. Cymbium dorsally with a field of short, dense bristles. Conductor transparent. Embolus short, blunt. Epigyne with long, narrow, finger-shaped scapus. Prosoma yellow-whitish with extended black pattern. Eye field white. Legs yellowish-grey, annulated with black. Opisthosoma yellow-whitish anteriorly, black pattern medially, grey posteriorly.

    Body length male: 10-13 mm, Body length female: 10-19 mm

    Additional information

    In open woodland, under stones and bark, often synanthropic in and on buildings. Females sit in a brood chamber on the cocoon and apparently do not leave it anymore, egg laying in spring, maturity in autumn, lives one year.

    This species can bite humans, usually when they try to catch or remove it with their hands (in urban areas, mainly in buildings). The bite is not very painful and an occasional moderate local swelling disappears within a few hours.

    Since a few decades, this species shows some spreading tendencies within Europe. Nevertheless, it shall not be listed as alien or invasive because it is native for Europe.

    Distribution
      Presence
      No data

    Global distribution (World Spider Catalog 2017): Mediterranean to Russia (USA, introduced)

    Phenology

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    male female
    Figures

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    References

    Blagoev G, Deltshev C, Lazarov S (2015) The Spiders (Araneae) of Bulgaria. National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, online at http://www.nmnhs.com/spiders-bulgaria/ (accessed on 09.03.2015)

    Deltshev C, Vrenosi B, Blagoev G, Lazarov S (2011b) Spiders of Albania – Faunistic and Zoogeographical Review (Arachnida: Araneae). Acta zool bulg 63: 125-144.

    Griswold C E, Ubick D (2001) Zoropsidae: a spider family newly introduced to the USA (Araneae, Entelegynae, Lycosoidea). J Arachnol 29: 111-113.

    Hänggi A, Zürcher I (2013) Zoropsis spinimana – eine mediterrane Spinne ist in Basel (NW-Schweiz) heimisch geworden. Mitt Nat.forsch Ges beider Basel 14: 125-134.

    Harvey P (2012) Zoropsis spinimana (Dufour, 1820) established indoors in Britain. Newsl Br Arachnol Soc 125: 20-21.

    Kostanjšek R, Kuntner M (2015) Araneae Sloveniae: a national spider species checklist. ZooKeys 474: 1-91.

    Murphy F, Murphy J (2000) An Introduction to the spiders of South East Asia. Malaysian Nature Society, Kuala Lumpur .

    Nadolny A A (2016) The first record of Zoropsis spinimana (Aranei, Zoropsidae) in the Crimea. Zoology and Ecology 26: 127-128.

    Nentwig W, Gnädinger M, Fuchs J, Ceschi A (2013) A two year study of verified spider bites in Switzerland and a review of the European spider bite literature. Toxicon 73: 104-110.

    Otto S (2015) Caucasian Spiders. A faunistic database on the spiders of the Caucasus. Version 1.4.3. Internet: caucasus-spiders.info.

    Pantini P, Isaia M (2017) Checklist of the Italian spiders (version May 2017). online at http://www.museoscienzebergamo.it/web/index.php?option=com_content&view=category&layout=blog&id=96&Itemid=94

    Pesarini C (unpubl.)

    Thaler K, Knoflach B (1998c) Zoropsis spinimana (Dufour), eine für Österreich neue Adventivart (Araneae, Zoropsidae). Ber Nat - Med Ver Innsbruck 85: 173-185.

    van Helsdingen P J (2010a) Araneae. In: Fauna Europaea Database (Version 2010.1), online at www.european-arachnology.org

    van Helsdingen P J (2015b) Binnenwandelende exoten. Nieuwsbrief SPINED 35: 33-34.

    World Spider Catalog (2017) World Spider Catalog, version 18.0. Natural History Museum Bern, online at http://wsc.nmbe.ch, accessed on 23.01.2017